Fix a P0340 camshaft position sensor trouble code on Ford
Ford has issued a service bulletin #05-23-17 to address a problem with trouble code P0340 Ford dealing with the camshaft position sensor. The bulletin pertains to the vehicles listed below
2005-06 Expedition, F-Super Duty
The P0340 Ford trouble code may appear on the 5.4L engines in the F-Super Duty, Expedition/Navigator, and F-150 and the 4.6L engine in the Mustang GT and Explorer/Mountaineer.
P0340 Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit Malfunction
In addition to the P0340 code, the problem may also trigger a P0344, P0349, or P0345 camshaft intermittent trouble code
P0344 Camshaft Position Sensor Circuit Intermittent
The problem is caused by excess AC ripple. All alternators generate AC voltage and then convert the AC to DC using rectifier diodes. However, if the diodes aren’t doing their job, the AC voltage can be induced into the cables under the hood and interfere with sensor signals coming into the PCM.
So Ford wants you to perform a generator frequency test to diagnose the problem. They warn not to replace the generator (alternator) unless if fails the frequency test. The test is done at 800 RPM and involves turning on loads like the high beams, blower set to high, heated seats, defroster, etc.
The Ford WDS tool computes the frequency values automatically. It compares the AC ripple frequency and if the frequency is less than 500Hz, then the alternator should be replaced.
The test can be completed with a digital storage oscilloscope. Just measure the voltage dips over a given range of divisions on the scope trace. Divide the number of dips by the number of divisions to get an average voltage dip. Then divide that value by the time scale (1 millsecond per division = .001 sec/division) to get the frequency
If you replace the alternator and still find the trouble codes, you must update the PCM software to the latest version
©, 2015 Rick Muscoplat
Posted on by Rick Muscoplat