Crank Relearn — What is it and how to perform one
A crank relearn is a process that the PCM goes through to recalibrate its knowledge of the relationship between the crankshaft and camshaft. That’s necessary because the crank and cam are connected by a timing chain or timing belt. Over time, the timing chain/belt can stretch and that stretch changes the relationship and timing between the crankshaft and camshaft.
If the change/stretch is great enough, the PCM will notice discrepancies between the commanded valve timing adjustments and the actual valve timing. That difference can cause misfires like P0300 or specific cylinder misfires.
Performing a crank relearn doesn’t fix the timing chain/belt stretch, but it does allow the PCM to learn about the stretch that’s occurred since the car was manufactured and adjust its valve timing commands.
Crank relearn is called different terms by different car makers
Carmakers refer to this relearn procedure using different terminology, but it’s all pretty much the same thing.
Reset Adaptive Enumerators
Misfire profile relearn
Fire profile relearn
Toothed wheel correction factor
When to perform a crank relearn procedure
You must perform a crank relearn any time you replace the following components:
Timing Chain or gears
Balancer shaft or gear
Timing chain tensioner
PCM, ECM or module replacement
When you see a P0300- car makers are now recommending a crank relearn before diagnosing a P0300 condition. They want you to eliminate the possibility of a timing chain stretch as the cause of the random misfire BEFORE you start digging into other possibilities.
You’ll need a bi-directional scan tool to perform a crank relearn
How to perform a crank relearn
The exact procedure varies by car maker. On some vehicles, you enter the procedure on your scan tool and it wipes out the adaptive memory and starts to perform the relearn by itself. On other vehicles, you wipe out adaptive memory and then perform a specific drive cycle so the PCM can relearn. Refer to a shop manual for the exact procedure for your year, make, model and engine.
©, 2020 Rick MusccoplatPosted on by Rick Muscoplat