As valve stem seals age they form cracks. An engine develops the highest vacuum at idle. With cracked or worn valve stem seals, that high vacuum can suck oil down the valve guide and into the engine. In the old days, you could spot that condition a mile away. A driver would be driving down the road and as he approached a stop light and took his foot off the gas, you’d see a large puff of blue smoke coming out of the exhaust. That was the oil being burned right after it was sucked down the valve guide. Today, however, the catalytic converter burns off that excess oil—and that’s a great way to kill a cat converter (yeah, they’re around $1,000).
So, if a compression check shows that your wet and dry compression readings are in the normal range, chances are good that you have worn or cracked valve stem seals. If you’re working on an overhead cam engine, you’ll have to remove the camshaft(s) before replacing the valve stem seals. On a push rod engine, you just loosen the rocker arms and then remove the valve springs and seals. You can replace valve stem seals yourself, but you’ll need some special tools. and Here they are:
First, you need an air chuck adapter. Remove the spark plug and screw in the adapter. Then attach an air compressor hose to the chuck adapter. The air prevents the valve from falling into the cylinder once your remove the valve spring. In the old days we would remove the plug and stuff the cylinder with rope. Today it’s just easier to use the air chuck.
Next, you’ll need a valve spring compressor. There are several types shown here.
The pliers style slowly compresses the spring and then you use a hand held magnet to remove the keepers.
Once the spring is off, use a valve stem seal remover to pull off the old seal. You don’t absolutely need this tool, but it really makes the job much easier. On some vehicles, the seal is recessed and you simply can’t get to it without this baby. So I recommend buying it.
For more information on this repair or any others for your vehicle, buy an online subscription to either Alldatadiy.com or eautorepair.net. Click on this link to compare the two services: Compare Alldata and Eautorepair.
If you just need information for a single repair and want to save money,eautorepair offers a lower price 1-week subscription for only $11.99. Or, if you’ll be working on this vehicle in the future, you can buy a 1-year subscription (Alldatadiy.com for $26.99, or eautorepair.net $29.99)
© 2012 Rick MuscoplatPosted on by Rick Muscoplat