Rick's Free Auto Repair Advice

Alternator testing

How to test an alternator

If you want to test an alternator all you need is a digital multimeter. But there are more dangerous ways to test an alternator and the numbskulls online are happy to tell you to simply disconnect the battery cables while the engine is running. Unfortunately, those same numbskulls won’t be around to pay the bill as you replace fried computers in your car.

Cardone, a major re builder of alternators has issued a service bulletin regarding the right and wrong ways to test an alternator.

Testing an alternator the wrong way

Disconnecting the battery cables while the vehicle is running can generate a voltage spike as high as 150 volts! That’s enough to fry every computer in your vehicle, along with your stereo, fuses, remote door locks, etc. Reconnecting battery cables generates a second spike.

THE RIGHT WAY

The battery should be fully charged and when you attach a volt meter to the terminals, it must read at least 12.2 volts with the engine off and no loads (headlights off, etc).

Next, start the vehicle and connect the voltmeter to the battery terminals. It should read between 13 and 15 volts. Be aware that newer vehicles DO NOT CHARGE the battery unless it needs charging!! So turn on several loads and wait for the computer to command charging. Then watch the charging voltage to see if it’s in the 13-15 volt range.

To read an in-depth story on testing an alternator, click on this article.

Here are additional article on alternators and batteries:

Best way to charge a battery

Symptoms of a dead or dying battery

Starter just goes “click”

© 2012 Rick Muscoplat

Posted on by Rick Muscoplat


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