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OBD II Connector Pin Diagrams

OBD II Connector Pin Diagrams

OBDII compliant vehicles can use up to five different protocols

• SAE J1850 PWM
• SAE J1850 VPW
• ISO9141-2,
• ISO14230-4 (KWP2000), and
• ISO 15765-4/SAE J2480

Each protocol has some required pins and some optional pins. So you can tell which protocol your vehicle has by looking at the diagrams below.

ISO15765-4 (CAN-BUS) is mandatory for all 2008 and later vehicles sold in the US. This protocol uses pins 6 and 14. There are four variants of ISO15765 however and they can sometimes be confused as different protocols. They’re not; they’re just variations opf ISO15765-4 and differ only in identifier length and their bus speeds

  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (11 bit ID,500 K baud)
  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (29 bit ID,500 K baud)
  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (11 bit ID,250 K baud)
  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (29 bit ID,250 K baud)

Let’s start with an overview of the connector

OBDII Connector Pin Diagram

OBDII connector pins

SAE J1850 PWM OBDII Connector Pin Diagram

This protocol was used mostly on Ford vehicles. It uses pins 1 and 2. The communication signal is differential and it’s bit rate is 41.6kB/sec.

SAE J1850 PWM protocol pinout

SAE J1850 PWM protocol MUST have pins 2 and 10

J1850 VPW OBDII Connector Pin Diagram

This protocol was used mostly on GM vehicles. It uses pin 1. The communication bit rate is 10.4 kB/sec

J1850 VPW OBDII pin assignment

J1850 VPW protocol MUST have pin 2

ISO9141/14230 Connector Pin Diagram

This older protocol was used on European vehicles between 2000 and 2004. It uses uses pin 7 and optionally 15.

ISO9141/14230

ISO9141/14230 must have pin 7 and may or may not have pin 15. This is an option for the carmaker

ISO15765 (CAN) OBDII Connector Pin Diagram

ISO15765-4 (CAN-BUS) is mandatory for all 2008 and later vehicles sold in the US. This protocol uses pins 6 and 14. There are four variants of ISO15765 however and they can sometimes be confused as different protocols. They’re not; they’re just variations opf ISO15765-4 and differ only in identifier length and their bus speeds

  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (11 bit ID,500 K baud)
  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (29 bit ID,500 K baud)
  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (11 bit ID,250 K baud)
  • ISO 15765-4 CAN (29 bit ID,250 K baud)
ISO15765 (CAN)

ISO15765 (CAN) must have pins 6 and 14

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Posted on by Rick Muscoplat



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