Rick's Free Auto Repair Advice

P0405 code for EGR — What it means and how to fix it

Learn what a P0405 code for EGR means and how to fix the problem

EGR valve

This is a typical EGR valve with a valve position sensor situated on the top of the valve. It’s the sensor that usually goes bad. But you usually can’t buy just the sensor

A P0405 code is defined as Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) A Circuit Low; meaning that EGR Valve Position Sensor is giving low voltage readings that are usually below the .5 – 1.0 voltage range. It’s a generic code that indicates that the engine control module (ECM) has detected that the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) sensor has gone below the specified range.

The EGR system is responsible for diverting a certain amount of exhaust gas to the intake manifold air to reduce combustion chamber temperatures and reduce NOx formation. For more information on the EGR system and why it’s needed, see this more in-depth post.

The most common causes of a P0405 code

• Defective EGR Valve Position Sensor — The EGR position sensor reports how far open the valve is. The computer compares the commanded opening to the data from the sensor and sets a code if the sensor opening value doesn’t match the commanded opening. In many cases, it’s just a failed sensor that sits on top of the EGR valve. This is especially common on Chrysler vehicles.

• Defective EGR Valve Position Sensor connector and/or wiring—Since the EGR valve is recirculating very hot exhaust gases, the heat may have damaged the electrical connector. So check that first before replacing the valve.

• Defective DPFE (Differential Pressure Feedback EGR) Sensor and/or Wiring — This is a common failure on Ford products that don’t use a position sensor and instead use a Differential Pressure Feedback Sensor. Ford DPFE sensors have a high failure rate.

• The EGR Valve is defective and sticking closed or not opening — This is pretty rare
• The EGR Valve is full of carbon and can’t open properly — Pretty rare. It’s far more likely that carbon would prevent the valve from closing
• Lack of proper vacuum or electrical signal to the EGR valve — This is more common on older vehicles that use vacuum-operated EGR valves, such as vehicles from the 80s and 90s. Modern EGR valves are electronic

The most probable causes of the P0405 code are related directly to the EGR valve itself. It could be faulty, or there might be a bad connection. Here are some of the most common causes of the P0405 code:

Here are some steps to diagnose and fix the P0405 code

Connect an OBD-II scanner to the vehicle’s diagnostic connector and read all stored data and error codes.
Clear the error codes from the computer memory and test-drive the vehicle to see if code P0405 appears again.
Inspect the EGR valve position sensor and wiring for damage.
Check the EGR valve for proper operation.
Inspect the differential pressure feedback electronic (DPFE) sensor and wiring for damage.
Check the wiring and connectors for damage or looseness.
Replace the EGR valve position sensor if it is faulty.
Replace the differential pressure feedback electronic (DPFE) sensor if it is malfunctioning.
Repair or replace any damaged or loose wiring or connectors.
If the problem persists, the ECM may be faulty and require replacement.
© 2012 Rick Muscoplat

Posted on by Rick Muscoplat

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